Censored Communists artists by American government

0 Posted by - February 1, 2016 - Articles

36-year-old composer Leonard Bernstein, holding musical score with lighted auditorium behind him. He has written two symphonies, a song cycle, jazzy ballet "Fancy Free," two Broadway shows ("on the Town," "Wonderful Town") and is preparing a musical of Candide.

John Garfield during his performance in "Skipper Next to God" put on by the Experimental Theater.

Burl Ives

Burl Ives: The actor and folksinger was involved with labor unions, which led to suspicion. He denied affiliation with the Communist Party and cooperated with the HUAC, which got him removed from the blacklist but led to the belief among former friends in the folk community that he had sold out.

Poet/writer Dorothy Parker w. manuscripts in front of her as she sits at work table at home. (Photo by Bob Landry/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)

Dorothy Parker: The FBI had a 1,000-page file on the writer, pictured in 1940, who had reported for a Communist magazine and was suspected of supporting the party.

Gypsy Rose Lee

Gypsy Rose Lee: The burlesque star, pictured in 1957, was blacklisted for her attendance at meetings of the Communist United Front.

Arthur Miller starring in the play All My Sons. (Photo by Eileen Darby/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images)

Arthur Miller: The celebrated playwright, pictured in 1947, refused to name suspected Communists when called before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC).

Orson Wells Production of Othello- The auteur Orson wells directs his production of the Shakespearean classic Othello.

Orson Welles: The film director, pictured in 1949, was a vocal political leftist whose classic movie Citizen Kane was believed by some to espouse Communist ideology.

Judy Holliday in her apartment on Waverly Place in New York City

Judy Holliday: The actress and singer, pictured in 1951, was blacklisted from radio and TV for several years.

Burgess Meredith

Burgess Meredith: After appearing on the blacklist, the actor endured a seven-year absence from the movies.

Pete Seeger singing and playing at PAC school.

Pete Seeger: The folksinger, pictured in 1946, was an open member of the Communist Party. He refused to name names before HUAC in 1955, which led to a conviction of contempt of Congress and a 10-year sentence that was later overturned.

Artie Shaw & his band while playing at Bop City on opening night.

Artie Shaw: The clarinetist and bandleader, pictured in 1949, was brought before HUAC for having attended Communist meetings. He claimed to have attended purely out of interest in social justice, though some who knew him claimed that his affiliation ran deeper.

Actress Uta Hagen.

Uta Hagen: The German actress, pictured in 1948, found her opportunities limited after appearing on the blacklist, in part due to her affiliation with Paul Robeson.

African American poet/writer Langston Hughes standing on the stoop in front of his house in Harlem.

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